BLACK CHOKEBERRY

Aronia melanocarpa

Black Chokeberry, Aronia melanocarpa is a cold-hardy deciduous branching shrub in the rose family native to Eastern North America. The glossy dark green leaves turn red in the autumn making this a brilliantly showy shrub.  White or pink flowers appear in the late spring, and their black fruits arrive in September. It is very adaptable to a variety of garden conditions from wet to dry in full sun or part shade. Perfect for pollinator gardens, rain gardens & borders.

The berries are used in the food industry in juices, preserves, tinctures, fruit teas and dietary supplements. Fresh, unprocessed black chokeberry fruits are rarely consumed due to their bitter taste, resulting from the presence of polyphenols.

Research is underway to discover the health-promoting potential of Black Chokeberry fruits as they reduce the risk factors of te metabolic system—hypertension, obesity, glucose metabolism disorders, etc. These natural properties of the berries may have the potential for inhibiting certain types of cancer.

Black Chokeberry is a hardy shrub that can be planted whenever the ground is workable and the plants are available. Prepare a bed of well-draining soil amended with compost and plant the shrub at the same depth it was growing in the nursery container.  Backfill the hole, press down with your hands to remove any air pockets, and water the shrub. When planting multiple shrubs, space them 4 to 5 feet apart.

Attraction:  Nectar and pollen for native bees ; host for Coral Hairstreak butterflies and the Large Lace-border Moth; some songbirds and small mammals like rabbits and white-tailed deer like the berries.

SPECS: Native Name: Algonquin; Genus: Aronia; Species: Melanocarpa; Plant Type: Shrub; Life Cycle: Perennial; Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Part Sun; Soil Moisture: Wet, Medium Wet, Mesic (middle), Well Drained; Height: 4′ — 6′; Spread: 5′; Plant Spacing: 4′ — 5′; Bloom Time: May; Bloom Color: Black, Green, White; Advantages: Medicinal uses, Privacy screen, Showy; USDA Zone: 3 — 9; Attracts: Bumblebees, Honey bees, Long-tongued bees, Small black bees, Songbirds; Tolerant: Clay, Dry soils, Erosion, Salt; Plant Community: COMPANION PLANTS: Dwarf birch, grass pink orchid, cinnamon and royal ferns, steeple bush, speckled alder, marsh milkweed, wild strawberry, quaking aspen, wild raspberry, and grass-leaved and swamp goldenrods;