BLACK EYED SUSAN

Rudbeckia hirta

Black Eyed Susans, Rudbeckia hirta are members of the sunflower family.“Hirta” is Latin for “hairy,” and refers to the trichomes occurring on leaves and stems. Some common names: brown-eyed Susan, brown betty, glorious daisy, golden Jerusalem, English bull’s eye, and yellow ox-eye daisy. No garden is complete without it. Butterflies are attracted to Rudbeckia hirta. It is a larval host to the Bordered Patch, Forgone Checkerspot and Slivery Checkerspot species. Dragonflies, voracious eaters of mosquitos, are attracted by the tiny pollinators of these flowers.

The plant is thought to be an herbal medicine by Native Americans for various ailments. Evidence that teas were used for colds and worms while the Ojibwa people also used it as a poultice for snake bites. Caution: The species is toxic to cats when ingested.

SPECS: Genus: Rudbeckia ; Species: Hirta; Plant Type: Forb, Wildflower; Life Cycle: Perennial; Sun Exposure: Full Sun; Soil Moisture: Medium Wet, Mesic (middle), Medium Dry; Height: 1′ — 3′; Spread: 1′; Plant Spacing: 1′ — 2′; Bloom Time: July — September; Bloom Color: Orange, Red, Yellow; Advantages: Birds, Low maintenance, Medicinal uses; USDA Zone: 4 — 9; Attracts: Beneficial insects, Butterflies, Honey bees, Long-tongued bees, Songbirds; Tolerant: Deer, Drought, Salt; Plant Community: They go well with other native and wildlife-friendly plants like Coneflowers (Echinacea), Milkweed (Asclepias), and Asters. Black-Eyed Susan fits in well with a traditional cottage garden style with its cheerful, informal appearance.;