CANADA WILDRYE

Elymus canadensis

Canada Wildrye, Elymus canadensis is a native, cool-season perennial bunch grass that grows 2.5- to 5- feet tall. Plants flower from March to June with seed maturing in July.  The seed head is a thick and bristly spike which can be either erect or nodding and can reach 10 inches in length, leaf blades are . 5 inches wide or less.

It is often used in landscaping and restoration projects because of its attractive appearance and ecological benefits. Overall, Elymus canadensis is a valuable grass species that can help to stabilize soil, provide wildlife habitat and enhance the beauty of a variety of landscapes.

Various insects feed on Canada Wild Rye including leafhoppers, aphids, and leaf beetles. Caterpillars of various leaf miner moths mine the leaves of these grasses, and caterpillars of the False Wainscot Moth also eat the leaves.

SPECS: Genus: Elymus ; Species: Canadensis; Plant Type: Grass; Life Cycle: Perennial; Sun Exposure: Full Sun; Soil Moisture: Medium Dry, Dry, Well Drained; Height: 2′ — 5′; Spread: 2′; Plant Spacing: 2′ — 3′; Bloom Time: March — June; Bloom Color: Brown, Green, Yellow; Advantages: Erosion control, Grassland restoration, Low maintenance; USDA Zone: 3 — 7; Attracts: Caterpillars, Moths, Night flying moths; Tolerant: Drought, Salt, Shade; Plant Community: Goes well with Culver's root, New England aster and bee balm;