COASTAL SHADBUSH

Amelanchier arborea

Coastal Shadbush, Amelanchier arborea  Sometimes called the Serviceberry, or Juneberry tree, the Shadbush is a small all season beautiful tree with showy flowers and berries coveted for jams, jellies and pies and their gorgeous fall color. Equally enchanting are the stories that have evolved with this tree over the years.

The name Shadbush came from the ancient phenomenon of their bloom time coinciding with the shad fish run up the Hudson River to spawn! Although shad fish are disappearing the name has stuck.

The name “Serviceberry tree” supposedly came when first settlers in New England planned funeral services at the same time that the tree bloomed, because that meant the earth had thawed sufficiently to dig a grave. The “Juneberry” name comes from the delicious blue-black berries that ripen in June.

Many Native American tribes used the Shadbush for food and medicine and to make arrow shafts. The roots have been used to treat miscarriage, the bark was used as a de-wormer for children, and to treat diarrhea and excessive bleeding while menstruating.

Uses: Medicinal, food & ornamental

SPECS: Genus: Amelanchier ; Species: Arborea; Plant Type: Shrub, Tree; Life Cycle: Perennial; Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Part Shade; Soil Moisture: Wet, Medium Wet, Mesic (middle), Well Drained; Height: 2′ — 26′; Spread: 6′; Plant Spacing: 0′; Bloom Time: April — May; Bloom Color: Black, White; Advantages: Birds, Erosion control, Grassland restoration, Medicinal uses, Nitrogen fixer, Pollinator conservation, Pollinators, Showy; USDA Zone: 3 — 8; Attracts: Beneficial insects, Bumblebees, Carpenter bees, Honey bees, Hummingbirds, Long-tongued bees, Small black bees, Songbirds, Sweat bees, Syrphid flies; Tolerant: Clay, Deer, Drought, Erosion, Flooding, Heat & humidity, Salt; Plant Community: Dianthus, Lupine, Daylily & Astilbe are some of the companion plants that work.;