GOLDEN ALEXANDER

Zizia aurea

Golden Alexander, Zizia aurea is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the carrot family Apiaceae.

The genus is named for Johann Baptist Ziz, a German botanist. The common name is based on the similarity to alexanders (Smyrnium olusatrum), another member of the carrot family from coastal areas in Europe and Northern Africa. Smyrnium aureum L.

They are quite easy to grow and have the benefit of having a basal clump of divided evergreen leaves during mild winters that are attractive all year round. This native plant appears to be one of the more deer resistant species and is often one of the first wildflowers to bloom.

Medicinal, Edible Other Uses: A tea made from the leaves, stalks and flowers has been used by Native Americans and in western medicine to treat female disorders, headaches, fever, hysteria, epilepsy, backaches, and increasing libido in men.

SPECS: Genus: Zizia ; Species: Aurea; Plant Type: Herb, Wildflower; Life Cycle: Perennial; Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Part Shade; Soil Moisture: Medium Wet, Well Drained; Height: 1′ — 3′; Spread: 2′; Plant Spacing: 1′ — 2′; Bloom Time: April — August; Bloom Color: Yellow; Advantages: Birds, Showy; USDA Zone: 3 — 8; Attracts: Beneficial insects, Butterflies, Caterpillars, Honey bees, Long-tongued bees, Songbirds, Sweat bees; Tolerant: Deer; Plant Community: Use Golden Alexander in a perennial border, rock garden and it is an outstanding candidate for a rain garden. Splendid companions are Red cardinal flower, Joe Pye weed, Swamp Milkweed, and Asters for a rain garden. In a more wooded setting try Virginia Anemone, Bowman's Root, Ferns, Amsonia and Foam Flower.;